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  1. LibGuides: online library support and resources for your subject 1 item
  2. Key texts: 7 items
    1. Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies

      Book  5th edition 2016. Edited by John Baylis, James J Wirtz, Colin S Gray.

    2. Strategy: A History - Lawrence Freedman

      Book  Available online and in print.

    3. The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War From Antiquity to the Present - Beatrice Heuser

      Book 

    4. Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age - Peter Paret, Gordon Alexander Craig, Felix Gilbert

      Book 

  3. Lecture 1 - Introduction - What is strategy ? 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Why do we study strategy ? What exactly is 'strategy' ?
    1. Essential Reading: 4 items
      1. 'Is Strategy an Illusion?' [in] International Security - Richard K. Betts

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in International Security Volume 25 No. 2, 2000 pp 5-50.

      2. 'The lost meaning of strategy' [in] Survival - Hew Strachan

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Survival Volume 47 Issue 3, 2005 pp 33-54.

      3. The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking war from antiquity to the present - Beatrice Heuser

        Chapter  Click on link to read Chapter 1: 'What is Strategy ?' pp 3-35.

  4. Lecture 2 - Strategic Dimensions - Land 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Why did Clausewitz try to understand land warfare ? Are there 'principles of war' which can guide strategists ?
    1. Essential Reading: 4 items
      1. Strategy and Politics - Colin S. Gray

        Book  Click on link then read Chapter 3 'War and Warfare'.

      2. On War - Carl von Clausewitz, Michael Howard, Peter Paret 1989

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print (Princeton 1989). Read the Introductory Essay 'The Influence of Clausewitz' by Michael Howard pp 17-29.

      3. Understanding Land Warfare - Christopher Tuck

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read Chapter 1 ' Land Warfare in Theory' pp 11-41.

  5. Lecture 3 - Strategic Dimensions - Sea 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: What is different between strategy on land and strategy at and from the sea ? Is there such a thing as the 'British way in warfare' ?
    1. Essential Reading: 4 items
      1. Seapower: a guide for the twenty-first century - Geoffrey Till

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read chapter 1, 'In search of seapower' and Chapter 3, ''Who said what and why it matters'.

      2. Understanding Naval Warfare - Ian Speller

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read Chapter 1 'The nature of the maritime operating environment' pp 15-36.

      3. 'Sea Power is Benign Power' [in] RUSI Journal - David Blagden

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in RUSI Journal Volume 159 Issue 3 2014.

      4. The Direction of War: Contemporary Strategy in Historical Perspective - Hew Strachan

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read Chapter 8 'Maritime strategy and national policy' pp151-165.

  6. Lecture 4 - Strategic Dimensions - Air 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Why was it necessary to develop a new strand to strategic theory to encompass aviation ? Is it unique ?
    1. Essential Reading: 4 items
      1. 'Air Power' [in] The international Studies Encyclopedia - Karl P Mueller

        Book  Click on link to read 'Air Power' in Volume 1 pp 47-65

      2. The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War From Antiquity to the Present - Beatrice Heuser

        Book  Read chapter 13 'Four schools of air power' pp 373-350.

      3. Air power: a global history - Jeremy Black

        Book  Available online (click on link) and in print.

  7. Lecture 5 - Strategic Dimensions - Space / Cyber 3 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Has the creation of space and cyber strategies undermined long held beliefs in strategic studies ?
    1. Essential Reading: 3 items
      1. 'Cyber War Will Not Take Place' [in] Journal of Strategic Studies - Thomas Rid

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Journal of Strategic Studies Volume 35 Issue 1 pp 5-32, 2012.

      2. 'Space, the New Domain: Space Operations and Chinese Military Reforms' [in] Journal of Strategic Studies - Kevin Pollpeter

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Journal of Strategic Studies Volume 39 Issue 5-6 2016 pp 709-727.

      3. Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling - Colin Gray

        Webpage  Available online (click on link) and in print.

  8. Lecture 6 - Strategy in practice - Ancient and Medieval 3 items
    Tutorial Questions / discussion: Why was strategy difficult for Athens and Sparta ? What did strategic success look like in the ancient and mediaeval worlds ?
    1. Essential reading: 3 items
      Note: Thucydides Melian Dialogue is listed above in Lecture 1
      1. 'Athenian strategy in the Peloponnesian War' [in] The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War - Williamson Murray, Alvin H. Bernstein, MacGregor Knox

        Chapter  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read chapter 2 pp 24-55, by Donald Kagan.

  9. Lecture 7 - Strategy in practice - Early Modern 3 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Did the first revolution in Military Affairs produce an evolution or revolution in strategy ? How and why was victory hard to achieve ?
    1. Essential Reading: 3 items
      1. 'Machiavelli: The Renaissance of the Art of War' [in] Makers of Modern Strategy: from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age - Peter Paret, Gordon Alexander Craig, Felix Gilbert

        Chapter  Click on link to read Chapter 1 pp 11-31, by Felix Gilbert.

  10. Lecture 8 - Strategy in practice - Napoleonic Warfare 5 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: What underpinned the strategic shocks of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars ? If Napoleon was such a good strategist, why did he lose ?
    1. Essential reading: 5 items
      1. 'Napoleon and the revolution in war' [in] Makers of Modern Strategy: from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age - Peter Paret, Gordon Alexander Craig, Felix Gilbert

        Chapter  Read Chapter 5 pp 123-142, by Peter Paret.

      2. The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking war from antiquity to the present - Beatrice Heuser

        Chapter  Click on link to read Chapter 5 p113-136, 'The age and mindset of the Napoloeonic Paradigm'.

      3. 'British Strategy and the Struggle with France 1793-1815' [in] Journal of Strategic Studies - Jeremy Black

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Journal of Strategic Studies Volume 31 Issue 4 pp 553-569.

  11. Lecture 9 - Strategy in practice - Total War 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Why did the strategists of the early twentieth century get it so wrong ? What made the Allies better at strategy than the Axis powers during the Second World War ?
    1. Essential reading: 4 items
      1. German strategy and the path to Verdun: Erich von Falkenhayn and the development of attrition, 1870-1916 - Robert T. Foley

        Chapter  Click on link to read Chapter 5 pp 109-126, 'Competing Strategic Visions'.

      2. Strategy: A History - Lawrence Freedman

        Book  Click on link to read Chapter 9, 'Annihilation or Exhaustion'.

      3. Successful Strategies: Triumphing in War and Peace from Antiquity to the Present

        Book  Click on link to read Chapter 11 'US grand strategy in the Second World War' by P R Mansoor pp 314-352.

      4. The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present - John Andreas Olsen, Colin S. Gray

        Book  Click on link to read Chapter 10 'The First and Second World Wars' by Martin Van Creveld.

  12. Lecture 10 - Strategy in practice - The Cold War 5 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Did nuclear weapons revolutionise strategy ? What caused the USA to fail strategically in Vietnam ?
    1. Essential Reading: 5 items
      1. 'Assured Destruction' [in] The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy - Lawrence Freedman

        Chapter  Available online (click on link) and in print. Read Chapter 16 'Assured Destruction' in Section 6, pp 232-242.

      2. Successful Strategies: Triumphing in War and Peace from Antiquity to the Present

        Book  Click on link to read Chapter 13 pp 403-431, 'The Reagan Administration's strategy toward the Soviet Union' by T G Mahnken.

      3. 'Borneo, Counter‐Insurgency and War Termination' [in] Defence Studies - Christopher Tuck

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Defence Studies Volume 10 Issue 1-2, 2010

      4. 'Explaining U.S. Military Strategy in Vietnam: Thinking Clearly about Causation' [in] International Security - Jonathan D. Caverley

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in International Security Volume 35 Issue 3 2010 pp 124-143.

      5. 'Should We Stop Studying the Cuban Missile Crisis?' [in] International Relations - Len Scott

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in International Relations Volume 26 Issue 3 2012, pp 255-266.

  13. Lecture 11 - Contemporary strategy ? 4 items
    Tutorial questions / discussion: Is strategic theory still fit for purpose when set against contemporary threats ? What is strategy in the contemporary world ?
    1. Essential Reading: 4 items
      1. 'Clausewitz's Trinity and Contemporary Conflict' [in] Civil Wars - John Stone

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Civil Wars Volume 9 Issue 3 pp 282-296.

      2. 'The Global War on Terror' [in] Military Strategy: the Politics and Technique of War - John Stone

        Chapter  Click on link to read Chapter 7 'The Global War on Terror' pp 152-169.

      3. 'New or Old Wars? Debating a Clausewitzian Future' [in] Journal of Strategic Studies - Colin M. Fleming

        Article  Click on link to read this Article in Journal of Strategic Studies Volume 32 Issue 2 2009, pp 213-241.

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