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Abdel-Malek, K. and Jacobson, D. C. (1999) ‘The Advances the limits of the Israelization of Israel‘s Palestinian Citizens [in] Israeli and Palestinian identities in history and literature’, in Israeli and Palestinian identities in history and literature. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Abdelrahman, M. (2017) ‘Policing neoliberalism in Egypt: the continuing rise of the “securocratic” state [in] Third World Quarterly’, Third World Quarterly, 38(1), pp. 185–202. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2015.1133246.
Abdelrahman, M. M. (2004) Civil society exposed: the politics of NGOs in Egypt. London: Tauris Academic.
Above the State: The Officers’ Republic in Egypt - Carnegie Middle East Center - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (no date). Available at: https://carnegie-mec.org/2012/08/01/above-state-officers-republic-in-egypt-pub-48972.
Abrahamian, E. 1940- (no date a) Khomeinism: essays on the Islamic Republic. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press. Available at: http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft6c6006wp;query=;brand=eschol.
Abrahamian, E. 1940- (no date b) Khomeinism: essays on the Islamic Republic. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press. Available at: http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft6c6006wp;query=;brand=eschol.
ABRAMS, P. (1988) ‘Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State (1977) [in] Journal of Historical Sociology’, Journal of Historical Sociology, 1(1), pp. 58–89. Available at: https://0-onlinelibrary-wiley-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6443.1988.tb00004.x.
Abu-Nimer, M. (2011) ‘Non-violent Resistance in the Arab World: The Demythologizing of Essentialist Myths about Arab Societies [in] The Arab world geographer’, The Arab world geographer =: Le géographe du monde arabe. Toronto: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, 14(2), pp. 153–159. Available at: http://readinglists.exeter.ac.uk/Resource List Odd Links/ARAM054/arwg.14.2.pdf.
Abū Ḥusayn, H. and McKay, F. (2003) Access denied: Palestinian land rights in Israel. London: Zed.
Academy of Political Science (1886) ‘Political science quarterly.’ New York: Academy of Political Science. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1596602.
Adeed Dawisha, author (1999) ‘“Identity” and Political Survival in Saddam’s Iraq [in] Middle East Journal’, Middle East Journal, 53(4), pp. 553–567. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.4329390&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Afary, J. (2009a) Sexual politics in modern iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511815249.
Afary, J. (2009b) Sexual politics in modern iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511815249.
Afkhami, M. and Friedl, E. (1997) Muslim women and the politics of participation: implementing the Beijing platform. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
Afsaneh Najmabadi (2000) ‘(Un)Veiling Feminism [in] Social Text’, (Un)Veiling Feminism, 18(3), pp. 29–45. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edspmu&AN=edspmu.S1527195100300299&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Ahmad H. Sa’di (2000) ‘ISRAEL AS ETHNIC DEMOCRACY: WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PALESTINIAN MINORITY? [in] Arab Studies Quarterly’, Arab Studies Quarterly. Pluto Journals, 22(1). Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/openurl?issn=02713519&date=2000&volume=22&issue=i&spage=25.
Ahmad H. Sa’di (2001) ‘CONTROL AND RESISTANCE AT LOCAL-LEVEL INSTITUTIONS: A STUDY OF KAFR YASSIF’S LOCAL COUNCIL UNDER THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT [in] Arab Studies Quarterly’, Arab Studies Quarterly. Pluto Journals, 23(3). Available at: https://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/41858381.
Akhil Gupta, author (1995) ‘Blurred Boundaries: The Discourse of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State [in] American Ethnologist’, American Ethnologist, 22(2), pp. 375–402. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.646708&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Ali, N. S. Al- (2007) Iraqi women: untold stories from 1948 to the present. London: Zed. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781848131064.
Amatzia Baram, author (1997) ‘Neo-Tribalism in Iraq: Saddam Hussein’s Tribal Policies 1991-96 [in] International Journal of Middle East’, International Journal of Middle East, 29(1), pp. 1–31. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.163849&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Amenta, E. et al. (2012) The Wiley-Blackwell companion to political sociology. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. Available at: http://0-onlinelibrary.wiley.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/book/10.1002/9781444355093.
Amin, S. (1997) ‘The Rise of Ethnicity: A Political Response to Economic Globalization [in] Capitalism in the age of globalization: the management of contemporary society’, in Capitalism in the age of globalization: the management of contemporary society. London: Zed. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=a63605ab-9515-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Anceschi, L. et al. (2014) Informal power in the greater Middle East: hidden geographies. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. Available at: http://www.taylorfrancis.com/start-session?idp=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&redirectUri=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.taylorfrancis.com%2Fbooks%2F9781315818306.
Anderson, B. R. O. and American Council of Learned Societies (2006) Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. 2nd ed. London: Verso. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.01609.
Anderson, E. W., Anderson, L. D. and Cool, I. M. (2010) An atlas of Middle Eastern affairs. London: Routledge.
Anderson, L. (1991) ‘Absolutism and the Resilience of Monarchy in the Middle East [in] Political Science Quarterly’, Political Science Quarterly, 106(1). Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA134820&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Anouar, A.-M. (1963) ‘Orientalism in Crisis [in] Diogenes’, Diogenes, 44, pp. 103–140. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=a4c4035a-1c14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Ansari, A. M. and Royal Institute of International Affairs. Middle East Programme (2006) Iran, Islam, and democracy: the politics of managing change. 2nd edition. London: Chatham House.
Arab and Islamic Studies - LibGuides at University of Exeter (no date). Available at: https://libguides.exeter.ac.uk/ArabandIslamicHomePage.
Arjomand, S. A. (1988) The turban for the crown: the Islamic revolution in Iran. New York: Oxford University Press. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=143654&site=ehost-live.
Asad, T. (2003) Formations of the secular: Christianity, Islam, modernity. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=5406373.
Asef Bayat (1997) ‘Un-Civil Society: The Politics of the “Informal People” [in] Third World Quarterly’, Third World Quarterly. Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 18(1). Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/openurl?issn=01436597&date=1997&volume=18&issue=i&spage=53.
Association of Arab-American University Graduates (1979) ‘Arab studies quarterly.’ Belmont, Massachusetts: Association of Arab-American University Graduates. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1598967.
Augustus Richard Norton, author (1993) ‘The Future of Civil Society in the Middle East [in] Middle East Journal’, Middle East Journal, 47(2), pp. 205–216. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.4328567&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Avci, Y. (2009) ‘The Application of in the Desert: The Bedouins and the Creation of a New Town in Southern Palestine (1860–1914) [in] Middle Eastern Studies’, Middle Eastern Studies, 45(6), pp. 969–983. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswss&AN=000274280800007&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Avineri, S. (1981) The making of modern Zionism: the intellectual origins of the Jewish state. New York: Basic Books.
Ayubi, N. N. (1995) Over-stating the Arab state: politics and society in the Middle East. London: I. B. Tauris. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9786000018894.
Bahramitash, R. (2005) ‘The War on Terror, Feminist Orientalism and Orientalist Feminism: Case Studies of Two North American Bestsellers [in] Critique: journal for Critical Middle Eastern Studies’, Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, 14(2), pp. 221–235. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/full/10.1080/10669920500135512.
Bahramitash, R. and Esfahani Salehi, H. (2009) ‘Nimble Fingers No Longer! Women’s Employment in Iran [in] Contemporary Iran: economy, society, politics’, in Contemporary Iran: economy, society, politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 77–122. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.001.0001.
Bakhash, S. (1985) The reign of the Ayatollahs: Iran and the Islamic Revolution. London: I.B. Tauris.
Balibar, É. and Wallerstein, I. (1991) ‘The Nation Form: History and Ideology [in] Race, nation, class: ambiguous identities’, in Race, nation, class: ambiguous identities. London: Verso. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=9e650c98-7b15-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Bareed mista3jil: true  stories (2009). Beirut: Meem.
Batatu, H. (no date) Syria’s peasantry, the descendants of its lesser rural notables, and their politics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt12f49j.
Batatu, H. and American Council of Learned Societies (1978) The old social classes and the revolutionary movements of Iraq: a study of Iraq’s old landed and commercial classes and of its Communists, Baʻthists, and Free Officers. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.00859.
Bayat, A. (1996) ‘The coming of a post‐Islamist Society [in] Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies’, Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, 5(9), pp. 43–52. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/abs/10.1080/10669929608720091.
Bayat, A. (1997) Street politics: poor people’s movements in Iran. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bayat, A. and ProQuest (Firm) (2013) Life as politics: how ordinary people change the Middle East. 2nd ed. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=1175179.
Baylouny, A. M. (2013) ‘Hizbullah’s Women: Internal Transformation in a Social Movement and Militia [in] Social movements, mobilization, and contestation in the Middle East and North Africa’, in Beinin, J. and Vairel, F. (eds) Social movements, mobilization, and contestation in the Middle East and North Africa. Second edition. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1324244.
Beinin, J. (2007) The Militancy of Mahalla al-Kubra | MERIP. Available at: https://merip.org/2007/09/the-militancy-of-mahalla-al-kubra/.
Beinin, J. (2011) ‘The Middle East’s Working-Class Revolutions? | The Nation’, 293. Available at: https://www.thenation.com/article/middle-easts-working-class-revolutions/.
Beinin, J. (2012) The Rise of Egypt’s Workers - Carnegie Middle East Center - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Available at: http://carnegie-mec.org/publications/?fa=48689.
Beinin, J. and El-Hamalawy, H. (no date) Strikes in Egypt Spread from Center of Gravity | MERIP. Available at: https://merip.org/2007/05/strikes-in-egypt-spread-from-center-of-gravity/.
Bell, G. (1983) Shadows on the sand: the memoirs of Sir Gawain Bell. London: Hurst.
Bengio, O. (1998) Saddam’s word: the political discourse in Iraq. New York: Oxford University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195114393.001.0001.
Bengio, O. and Ben-Dor, G. (1999) Minorities and the state in the Arab world. Lynne Rienner.
Bengio, Ofra (2000) ‘How Does Saddam Hold On [in] Foreign Affairs’, Foreign Affairs, 79(4), pp. 90–1032000. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edshol&AN=edshol.hein.journals.fora79.71&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Benita Parry (1987) ‘Problems in Current Theories of Colonial Discourse [in] Oxford Literary Review’, Oxford Literary Review. Edinburgh University Press, 9(1), pp. 27–58. Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/43973680.
Benthall, J. and Bellion-Jourdan, J. (2003) The charitable crescent: politics of aid in the Muslim world. London: I.B. Tauris.
Billig, M. (1995) Banal Nationalism. Los Angeles: SAGE. Available at: https://shibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net/Shibboleth.sso/Login?entityID=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&target=https%3A%2F%2Fshibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net%2Fshib%3Fdest%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.vlebooks.com%252FSHIBBOLETH%253Fdest%253Dhttp%25253A%25252F%25252Fwww.vlebooks.com%25252Fvleweb%25252Fproduct%25252Fopenreader%25253Fid%25253DExeter%252526isbn%25253D9781446264577.
Birzeit University - Guide to Palestinian Web Sites (no date). Available at: http://home.birzeit.edu/cds/resource/links.html.
Blake, G. H., Dewdney, J. C. and Mitchell, J. (1987) The Cambridge atlas of the Middle East and North Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Blecher, R. (2004) ‘Desert Medicine, Ethnography and the Colonial Encounter in Mandatory Syria [in] The British and French mandates in comparative perspectives’, in The British and French mandates in comparative perspectives. Leiden: Brill. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9789047402695.
Blom Hansen, T. and Stepputat, F. (2001) ‘States of Imagination [in] States of imagination: ethnographic explorations of the postcolonial state’, in States of imagination: ethnographic explorations of the postcolonial state. Durham [N.C.]: Duke University Press. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780822381273.
Boubekeur, A. (2013) ‘Rolling either way? Algerian entrepreneurs as both agents of change and means of preservation of the system [in] The Journal of North African Studies’, The Journal of North African Studies, 18(3), pp. 469–481. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/full/10.1080/13629387.2013.775870.
Boyarin, D. (no date) Unheroic conduct: the rise of heterosexuality and the invention of the Jewish man. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Brand, L. A. (1988) Palestinians in the Arab world: institution building and the search for state. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bruce Gilley (2004) ‘Against the Concept of Ethnic Conflict [in] Third World Quarterly’, Third World Quarterly. Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 25(6), pp. 1155–1166. Available at: https://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/3993756.
Van Bruinessen, M. (1978) Agha, shaikh and state: on the social and political organization of Kurdistan. Rijswijk: Enroprint/Secondprint.
Van Bruinessen, M. (1991) ‘Kurdish Society, Ethnicity, Nationalism and Refugee Problems [in] The Kurds: a Contemporary Overview’, in The Kurds: a contemporary overview. London: Routledge. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=53b0f28c-8615-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Brynen, R., Korany, B. and Noble, P. (1995) Political liberalization and democratization in the Arab world: Vol.1: Theoretical perspectives. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Burchell, G. et al. (1991) ‘Governmentality [in] The Foucault effect: studies in governmentality’, in The Foucault effect: studies in governmentality ; with two lectures by and an interview with Michel Foucault. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=14e4ed50-ce14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Burgat, F. (2003) Face to face with political Islam. London: I. B. Tauris.
Burke III, E. (1973) ‘The Image of the Moroccan State in French Ethnological Literature: a New Look at the Origin of Lyautey’s Berber Policy [in] Arabs and Berbers: from tribe to nation in North Africa’, in Arabs and Berbers: from tribe to nation in North Africa. London: Duckworth, pp. 175–199. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=a5975486-1705-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Burke III, E. (1984) ‘The First Crisis of Orientalism, 1980-1914 [in] Connaissances du Maghreb: sciences sociales et colonisation’, in Connaissances du Maghreb: sciences sociales et colonisation. Paris: Editions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=82457a43-1805-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Bush, R. (2011) ‘Coalitions for Dispossession and Networks of Resistance? Land, Politics and Agrarian Reform in Egypt [in] British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies’, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 38(3), pp. 391–405. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA448705&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Cammack, P. A., Pool, D. and Tordoff, W. (1993) Third world politics: a comparative introduction. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Cammett, MelaniIssar, Sukriti (2010) ‘Bricks and Mortar Clientelism: Sectarianism and the Logics of Welfare Allocation in Lebanon [in] World Politics’, Cammett, Melani; Issar, Sukriti, 62(3), pp. 381–421201062. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edshol&AN=edshol.hein.journals.wpot62.20&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Cannadine, D. (2002) Ornamentalism: how the British saw their empire. London: Penguin.
Carapico, S. (1998) Civil society in Yemen: the political economy of activism in modern Arabia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511584893.
Casanova, J. (1994) Public religions in the modern world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chaliand, G. (1993) A people without a country: the Kurds and Kurdistan. 2nd ed. London: Zed Books.
Champagne, D. et al. (2003) The future of indigenous peoples: strategies for survival and development. Los Angeles, Calif: UCLA American Indian Studies Center.
Chatterjee, P. (1993) ‘Whose Imagined Community? [in] The nation and its fragments: colonial and postcolonial histories’, in The nation and its fragments: colonial and postcolonial histories. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, pp. 3–13. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=aeef3ea0-7c15-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Chatterjee, P. and American Council of Learned Societies (1993) Nationalist thought and the colonial world: a derivative discourse. London: Zed Books. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.02425.
Choueiri, Y. M. (2000) Arab nationalism : a history: nation and state in the Arab world. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Choueiri, Y. M. (2005a) A companion to the history of the Middle East. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=28589&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Choueiri, Y. M. (2005b) ‘Nationalisms in the Middle East: the Case of Pan-Arabism [in] A companion to the history of the Middle East’, in A companion to the history of the Middle East. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=28589&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Christopher Alexander (1997) ‘Back from the Democratic Brink: Authoritarianism and Civil Society in Tunisia [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report., (205), pp. 34–38. doi: 10.2307/3013093.
Christopher Alexander, author (2000) ‘Opportunities, Organizations, and Ideas: Islamists and Workers in Tunisia and Algeria [in] International Journal of Middle East Studies’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 32(4), pp. 465–490. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.259421&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Chubin, S. and Tripp, C. (1988) Iran and Iraq at war. London: Tauris.
Clapham, C. (1988) Third world politics: an introduction. London: Routledge.
Cleveland, W. L. (2004a) ‘pp 356-367,410-412,473-490,525-527 [in] A history of the modern Middle East’, in A history of the modern Middle East. 3rd ed. Boulder, Colo., Oxford: Westview. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=119d7290-3b31-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Cleveland, W. L. (2004b) ‘pp. 392-394, 440-450, 533-537 [in] A history of the modern Middle East’, in A history of the modern Middle East. 3rd ed. Boulder, Colo., Oxford: Westview. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=fe11d902-1931-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013a) A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013b) A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013c) A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013d) A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013e) A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cleveland, W. L. and Bunton, M. P. (2013f) ‘The consolidation of authoritarian rule in Syria and Iraq: The regimes of Hafiz al-Asad and Saddam Husayn [in] A history of the modern Middle East’, in A history of the modern Middle East. Fifth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=991098.
Cobban, H. (1984) The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: people, power, and politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511622007.
Cohen, A. and Susser, B. (2000) Israel and the politics of Jewish identity: the secular-religious impasse. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Cohen, H. (no date a) Army of shadows: Palestinian collaboration with Zionism, 1917-1948. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pnb44.
Cohen, H. (no date b) Good Arabs: the Israeli security agencies and the Israeli Arabs, 1948-1967. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pnm0s.
Colonial effects [electronic book] : the making of national identity in Jordan (2001). Columbia University Press. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb3974811.
COMAROFF, J. and COMAROFF, J. (1988) ‘Through the Looking-glass: Colonial Encounters of the First Kind [in] Journal of Historical Sociology’, Journal of Historical Sociology, 1(1), pp. 6–32. Available at: https://0-onlinelibrary-wiley-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6443.1988.tb00002.x.
Committee Against Repression and for Democratic Rights in Iraq (1989) Saddam’s Iraq: revolution or reaction? New & updated ed. London: Zed Press.
‘Comparative politics’ (1968). New York: City University of New York. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1611192.
Connor, W. (no date) Ethnonationalism: the quest for understanding. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctv39x5s6.
Cooper, F. (no date) ‘The Rise, Fall, and Rise of Colonial Studies, 1951-2001 [in] Colonialism in question: theory, knowledge, history’, in Colonialism in question: theory, knowledge, history. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1ppzr9.
Craig Calhoun (1993) ‘Nationalism and Ethnicity [in] Annual Review of Sociology’, Annual Review of Sociology. Annual Reviews, 19, pp. 211–239. Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/2083387?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents.
Dallas, R. and Economist Newspaper Limited (1995) The Economist pocket Middle East and North Africa. London: Hamish Hamilton in association with The Economist.
Van Dam, N. (1996) The struggle for power in Syria: politics and society under Asad and the Baʻth Party. [3rd ed.]. London: I.B. Tauris.
Daniele Conversi (2007) ‘Homogenisation, nationalism and war: should we still read Ernest Gellner? [in] Nations & Nationalism’, Nations & Nationalism., 13(Issue 3), pp. 371–394. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8129.2007.00292.x.
Davis, E. (2005) Memories of state: politics, history, and collective identity in modern Iraq. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Denoeux, G. (1993) Urban unrest in the Middle East: a comparative study of informal networks in Egypt, Iran, and Lebanon. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Desrues, T. and Kirhlani, S. (2013) ‘Activism under authoritarianism: young political militants in Meknes [in] The Journal of North African Studies’, The Journal of North African Studies, 18(5), pp. 753–767. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/full/10.1080/13629387.2013.849892.
Devlin, J. F. (1991) ‘The Baath Party: Rise and Metamorphosis [in] The American Historical Review’, The American Historical Review, 96(5), pp. 1396–1407. Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/2165277?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents.
Diane Lewis (1973) ‘Anthropology and Colonialism [in] Current Anthropology’, Current Anthropology. The University of Chicago Press, 14(5), pp. 581–602. Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/2741037.
Dieckhoff, A. (2003) The invention of a nation: Zionist thought and the making of modern Israel. London: C. Hurst.
Don-Yehiya, E. and Liebman, C. S. (1981) ‘THE SYMBOL SYSTEM OF ZIONIST-SOCIALISM: AN ASPECT OF ISRAELI CIVIL RELIGION [in] Modern Judaism’, Modern Judaism, 1(2), pp. 121–148. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hia&AN=46587560&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Dowty, A. (2001) The Jewish state: a century later. Updated with a new preface. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Dowty, A. 1940- (no date) The Jewish state: a century later. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press. Available at: http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft709nb49x;query=;brand=eschol.
Eberhard Kienle, author (1998) ‘More than a Response to Islamism: The Political Deliberalization of Egypt in the 1990s [in] Middle East Journal’, Middle East, 52(2), pp. 219–235. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.4329187&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Ehteshami, A. (1995) After Khomeini: the Iranian Second Republic. London: Routledge.
Eickelman, D. F. and Piscatori, J. (2004) Muslim politics: with a new preface by the authors. [Place of publication not identified]: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctv3hh46v.
Elisabeth Longuenesse, author (1979) ‘The Class Nature of the State in Syria: Contribution to An Analysis [in] MERIP Reports’, MERIP Reports., (77), pp. 3–11. doi: 10.2307/3010990.
Enayat, H. (1983) ‘Iran: Khumayni’s Concept of the “Guardianship of the Jurisconsult” [in] Islam in the political process’, in Islam in the political process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=ff192d5a-9619-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Entessar, N. (1992) Kurdish ethnonationalism. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Esman, M. J. and Rabinovich, I. (1988) Ethnicity, pluralism, and the state in the Middle East. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Esposito, J. L. and Burgat, F. (2003) ‘Islam and Civil Society [in] Modernizing Islam: religion in the public sphere in Europe and the Middle East’, in Modernizing Islam: religion in the public sphere in Europe and the Middle East. London: Hurst. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=0a98a954-191f-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Esposito, J. L. and Voll, J. O. (1996a) Islam and democracy. New York: Oxford University Press. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780198026754.
Esposito, J. L. and Voll, J. O. (1996b) Islam and democracy. New York: Oxford University Press. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780198026754.
Eva Bellin, author (2004) ‘The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective [in] Comparative Politics’, Comparative Politics, 36(2), pp. 139–157. doi: 10.2307/4150140.
Falah, G. (1989) ‘Israeli State Policy toward Bedouin Sedentarization in the Negev [in] Journal of Palestine Studies’, Journal of Palestine Studies, 18(2), pp. 71–91. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.10.2307.2537634&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Farouk-Sluglett, M. and Sluglett, P. (1990) Iraq since 1958: from revolution to dictatorship. London: I. B. Tauris.
Fawcett, L. (2016) International relations of the Middle East. 4th revised edition. [S.l.]: Oxford Univ Press.
Firro, K. M. (1999) The Druzes in the Jewish state: a brief history. Leiden: Brill.
Foucault, M. (1980) ‘Two Lectures [in] Power-knowledge: selected interviews and other writings 1972-1977’, in Power-knowledge: selected interviews and other writings 1972-1977. Hassocks: Harvester Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=b4c9708c-c314-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Fred Halliday (1993) ‘“Orientalism” and Its Critics [in] British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies’, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 20(2). Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/195877.
Fred Halliday, author (1993) ‘“Orientalism” and Its Critics [in] British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies’, British Journal of Middle Eastern, 20(2), pp. 145–163. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.195877&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Friedman, M. (1989) ‘The State of Israel as a Theological Dilemma [in] The Israeli state and society: boundaries and frontiers’, in The Israeli state and society: boundaries and frontiers. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=3408337.
Ganim, A. and ProQuest (Firm) (2001) The Palestinian-Arab minority in Israel, 1948-2000: a political study. Albany: State University of New York Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=3408106.
Gateway to Social Science Sites (no date). Available at: http://www.rsc-sw-scotland.ac.uk/project_pages/docfiles/learning_resources/lost_rk/page_31.htm.
Gellner, E. (2006) Nations and nationalism. 2nd ed. Malden, Mass: Blackwell.
Gelvin, J. I. (2004) ‘Post hoc ergo propter hoc? Reassessing the Lineages of Nationalism in Bilād alShām [in] From the Syrian land to the states of Syria and Lebanon’, in From the Syrian land to the states of Syria and Lebanon. Würzburg: Ergon in Kommission.
Gelvin, J. L. (1998) ‘From “Patriotic Agitation” to the Advent of Mass Politics [in] Divided loyalties: nationalism and mass politics in Syria at the close of Empire’, in Divided loyalties: nationalism and mass politics in Syria at the close of Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=88f3b786-1b1f-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
‘Gender and Citizenship in Middle Eastern States | Middle East Report’ (1996) Middle East Report, (198). doi: 10.2307/3012867.
Gerber, Haim (2004) ‘The limits of constructedness: memory and nationalism in the Arab Middle East [in] Nations and Nationalism’, 10(3), pp. 251–268. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA306054&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Ghazi Falah (1985) ‘How Israel Controls the Bedouin in Israel [in] Journal of Palestine Studies’, Journal of Palestine, 14(2), pp. 35–51. doi: 10.2307/2537160.
Gledhill, J. (2000a) Power and its disguises: anthropological perspectives on politics. 2nd ed. London: Pluto Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt18fs65g.
Gledhill, J. (2000b) Power and its disguises: anthropological perspectives on politics. 2nd ed. London: Pluto Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt18fs65g.
Grigoriadis, I. N. and Ansari, A. M. (2005) ‘Turkish and Iranian Nationalisms [in] A companion to the history of the Middle East’, in A companion to the history of the Middle East. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=28589&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Göçek, F. M. (2002) Social constructions of nationalism in the Middle East. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Haaretz - Israel News | Haaretz.com (no date). Available at: https://www.haaretz.com/.
Haim, S. G. (1976) Arab nationalism: an anthology. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hall, S. (1991) ‘The West and the Rest: Discourse and Power [in] The formations of modernity’, in The formations of modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=4eb5db81-c814-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Halliday, F. (1996) Islam and the myth of confrontation: religion and politics in the Middle East. London: Tauris.
Halliday, F. (2000) Nation and religion in the Middle East. London, [England]: Saqi Books. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=1216715.
Halliday, F. (2005) The Middle East in international relations: power, politics and ideology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780511555930.
Hammami, R. (1995) ‘NGOs: the professionalization of politics [in] Race and class: a journal for black and third world liberation’, Race and class: a journal for black and third world liberation. London: Institute of Race Relations, 37(2), pp. 51–63. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=5559dadf-9a19-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Hanieh, A. (2015) Capitalism and class in the Gulf Arab states. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Available at: https://fsso.springer.com/federation/init?entityId=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&returnUrl=https://link.springer.com/book/10.1057/9781137495105.
Hannoum, A. (2001) ‘Colonialism and knowledge in Algeria: The archives of the Arab bureau [in] History and Anthropology’, History and Anthropology, 12(4), pp. 343–379. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/abs/10.1080/02757206.2001.9960939.
Harders, C. (2003) ‘The Informal Social Pact: the State and the Urban Poor in Cairo [in] Politics from above, politics from below: the Middle East in the age of economic reform’, in Politics from above, politics from below: the Middle East in the age of economic reform. London: Saqi. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=770d1808-1e1f-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Hashmi, S. H. (no date) Islamic political ethics: civil society, pluralism, and conflict. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt7t420.
Hasso, F. S. and American Council of Learned Societies (2005) Resistance, repression, and gender politics in occupied Palestine and Jordan. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.04709.
Hasso, Frances S. (no date) ‘Discursive and political deployments by/of the 2002 Palestinian women suicide bombers/martyrs [in] Feminist Review’, 31, pp. 23–51. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA467752&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Hazelton, F. and Committee against repression and for democratic rights in Iraq (1993) Iraq since the Gulf War: prospects for democracy. London: Zed Books.
Herbert C. Kelman (1998) ‘Israel in Transition from Zionism to Post-Zionism [in] Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social, 555, pp. 46–61. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.1049211&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Hesham Sallam (2011) ‘Striking Back at Egyptian Workers [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report., (259), pp. 20–25. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.41407962&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Heydemann, S. (1999) Authoritarianism in Syria: institutions and social conflict, 1946-1970. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Heydemann, S. (2004) Networks of privilege in the Middle East: the politics of economic reform revisited. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hindess, B. (1995) Discourses of power: from Hobbes to Foucault. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hinnebusch, R. A. (1990) Authoritarian power and state formation in Baʻthist Syria: army, party, and peasant. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.
Hinnebusch, R. A. (2001) Syria: revolution from above. London: Routledge.
Hiro, D. (1996) Dictionary of the Middle East. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Hirschi, C. (2012) The origins of nationalism: an alternative history from ancient Rome to early modern Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9781139032551.
Hooglund, E. J. (2002) Twenty years of Islamic revolution: political and social transition in Iran since 1979. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
Hopwood, D., Ishow, H. and Koszinowski, T. (1993) Iraq: power and society. Reading: Ithaca Press.
Hourani, A. (1983) Arabic thought in the liberal age, 1798-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511801990.
Hutchinson, J. and Smith, A. D. (1996) Ethnicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hutchison, E. H. (1956) Violent truce: a military observer looks at the Arab-Israeli conflict 1951-1955. London: John Calder.
Ilan Kapoor (2002) ‘Capitalism, Culture, Agency: Dependency versus Postcolonial Theory [in] Third World Quarterly’, Third World Quarterly. Taylor & Francis, Ltd., 23(4). Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/3993481.
International Institute for Strategic Studies (1966) ‘The military balance.’ London: International Institute for Strategic Studies. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1599912.
Ismail, S. (2000) Rethinking Islamist politics: culture, the state and Islam. London: I.B.Tauris.
Ismail, S. (2009) ‘Changing Social Structure, Shifting Alliances and Authoritarianism in Syria [in] Demystifying Syria’, in Demystifying Syria. London: Saqi in association with The London Middle East Institute. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=af81e251-f214-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Ismail, S. (no date) Political life in Cairo’s new quarters: encountering the everyday state. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.5749/j.ctttsfc7.
Ismail Salwa (2011) ‘Authoritarian Government, Neoliberalism and Everyday Civilities in Egypt [in] Third World Quarterly’, Third World Quarterly, 32(5), pp. 845–862. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2011.578957.
Jakubowska, L. (1992) ‘Resisting "Ethnicity: The Israeli State and Bedouin Identity [in] The paths to domination, resistance, and terror’, in The paths to domination, resistance, and terror. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=f982125e-7f15-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Jalal al-Azm, S. (1981) ‘Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse [in] Khamsin: journal of revolutionary socialists of the Middle East’, Khamsin: journal of revolutionary socialists of the Middle East. London: Ithaca Press, 8, pp. 5–26. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=c4465a1a-5e04-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Jalal al-Husseini (2000) ‘UNRWA and the Palestinian Nation-Building Process [in] Journal of Palestine Studies’, Journal of Palestine Studies, 29(2), pp. 51–64. doi: 10.2307/2676536.
Jankowski, J. P. and Gershoni, I. (1997) Rethinking nationalism in the Arab Middle East. New York: Columbia University Press.
Jenny B. (Jenny Barbara) White (2004) ‘State Feminism, Modernization, and the Turkish Republican Woman [in] NWSA Journal’, State Feminism, Modernization, and the Turkish Republican Woman, 15(3), pp. 145–159. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edspmu&AN=edspmu.S1527188903301456&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Jiryis, S. and Bushnaq, I. (1976) The Arabs in Israel. [2nd ed.]. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Joel Beinin (2005) ‘Political Islam and the New Global Economy: The Political Economy of an Egyptian Social Movement [in] CR: The New Centennial Review’, CR: The New Centennial Review. Michigan State University Press, 5(1). Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/41949469?
John Chalcraft, (2005) ‘Engaging the State: Peasants and Petitions in Egypt on the Eve of Colonial Rule [in] International Journal of Middle East Studies’, International Journal of Middle East, 37(3), pp. 303–325. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.3880103&site=eds-live&scope=site.
John Mueller (2000) ‘The Banality of “Ethnic War” [in] International Security’, International Security, 25(1), pp. 42–70. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2626773&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Johnson, J. and Fairweather, I. S. (2017) The politics of piety: the Islamic revival and the feminist subject. London, [England]: Routledge. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=4906194.
Johnson, M. (1986) Class & client in Beirut: the Sunni Muslim community and the Lebanese state, 1840-1985. London: Ithaca Press.
Joseph Massad, author (1995) ‘Conceiving the Masculine: Gender and Palestinian Nationalism [in] Middle East Studies’, Middle East, 49(3), pp. 467–483. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.4328835&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Joseph, S. (1999) Intimate selving in Arab families: gender, self, and identity. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Julie Peteet, author (1994) ‘Male Gender and Rituals of Resistance in the Palestinian “Intifada”: A Cultural Politics of Violence [in] American Ethnologist’, American, 21(1), pp. 31–49. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.646520&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Kanaaneh, R. A. (no date) Birthing the nation: strategies of Palestinian women in Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pp498.
Kanaaneh, R. A. and American Council of Learned Societies (2002) Birthing the nation: strategies of Palestinian women in Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.04715.
Kaviraj, S. and Khilnani, S. (2001) Civil society: history and possibilities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kazemi, F. and Waterbury, J. (1991) Peasants and politics in the modern Middle East. Miami: Florida International U.P.
Keane, J. (2000) ‘The Limits of Secularism [in] Islam and secularism in the Middle East’, in Islam and secularism in the Middle East. London: Hurst. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=14929d9f-9815-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Kellas, James G. (James Grant), 1936- (1998) The politics of nationalism and ethnicity. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Kennedy, D. (1996) ‘Imperial history and post‐colonial theory [in] The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History’, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 24(3), pp. 345–363. Available at: https://0-www-tandfonline-com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/doi/abs/10.1080/03086539608582983.
Kennedy, Dane (1996) ‘IMPERIAL HISTORY AND POST-COLONIAL THEORY [in] Journal of Imperial & Commonwealth History.’, Journal of Imperial & Commonwealth History., 24(Issue 3), pp. 345–363. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hia&AN=46254179&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Kerr, M. H. and Giorgio Levi della Vida Biennial Conference (1980) Islamic studies: a tradition and its problems. Malibu, Calif: Undena.
Kertzer, D. I. (1988) Ritual, politics, and power. New Haven: Yale University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt32brpc.
Keshavarzian, A. (2007) Bazaar and state in Iran: the politics of the Tehran marketplace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511492228.
Khafaiji, I. al- (no date) ‘War as a Vehicle for the Rise and Demise of a State-Controlled Society: the Case of Ba’thist Iraq [in] War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East’, in War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pp1cw.
Khalidi, R. I. and American Council of Learned Societies (1997a) Palestinian identity: the construction of modern national consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.00158.
Khalidi, R. I. and American Council of Learned Societies (1997b) Palestinian identity: the construction of modern national consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.00158.
Khalil, S. (1998) Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq. Updated edition, with a new introduction. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press.
Kienle, E. (1990) Baʻth v. Baʻth: the conflict between Syria and Iraq, 1968-1989. London: Tauris.
Kienle, E. (1994a) Contemporary Syria: liberalization between cold war and cold peace. London: British Academic Press, in association with ...School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Kienle, E. (1994b) Contemporary Syria: liberalization between cold war and cold peace. London: British Academic Press, in association with ...School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Kienle, E. (2001) A grand delusion: democracy and economic reform in Egypt. London: I.B. Tauris Publishers. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=252806&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Kimmerling, B. (1983) Zionism and territory: the socio-territorial dimensions of Zionist politics. Berkeley: Institute of International Studies, University of California.
Kimmerling, B. and CIAO (Organization) (no date) Clash of identities: explorations in Israeli and Palestinian societies. New York: Columbia University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.7312/kimm14328.
Kolkowicz, R., Korbonski, A. and University of California, Los Angeles. Center for International and Strategic Affairs (1982) ‘The Syrian Armed Forces in National Politics: the Role of the Geographic and Ethnic Periphery [in] Soldiers, peasants, and bureaucrats: civil-military relations in Communist and modernizing societies’, in Soldiers, peasants, and bureaucrats: civil-military relations in Communist and modernizing societies. London: Allen and Unwin. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=3bfcd82b-da14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Korn, Alina (2000) ‘Military government, political control and crime: the case of Israeli Arabs [in] Crime, Law and Social Change’, 34(2), pp. 159–182. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA912559&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Kreyenbroek, P. G. and Sperl, S. (1991) The Kurds: a contemporary overview. London: Routledge.
Laqueur, W. (1989) A history of Zionism. New York: Schocken Books.
Lehmann, D. and Siebzehner, B. B. (2006) Remaking Israeli Judaism: the challenge of Shas. London: Hurst Co.
Liebman, C. S. (1996) Religion, democracy and Israeli society. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.
Lisa Wedeen (1998) ‘Acting “As If”: Symbolic Politics and Social Control in Syria [in] Comparative Studies in Society and History’, Comparative Studies in Society and History. Cambridge University Press, 40(3), pp. 503–523. Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/179273.
Lockman, Z. (2010) Contending visions of the Middle East: the history and politics of Orientalism. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511804342.
Lockman, Z. (no date) Workers and working classes in the Middle East: struggles, histories, historiographies. Albany: State University of New York Press. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb3974810.
Lorcin, P. M. E. (1995) Imperial identities: stereotyping, prejudice and race in colonial Algeria. London: I.B.Tauris.
Louër, L. (2007) To be an Arab in Israel. London: Hurst & Co. in association with the Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales.
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Lukes, S. and British Sociological Association (2005) Power: a radical view. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=85996&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Lust-Okar, E. and Zerhouni, S. (2008) Political participation in the Middle East. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Lustick, I. (1980) Arabs in the Jewish state: Israel’s control of a national minority. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Macfie, A. L. (2000) Orientalism: a reader. New York: New York University Press.
Maddrell, P., Grinawi, Y. and Minority Rights Group (1990) The Beduin of the Negev. London: Minority Rights Group.
Mahdavi, P. (2008) Passionate uprisings: Iran’s sexual revolution. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.
Mahmoud Haddad (1994) ‘The Rise of Arab Nationalism Reconsidered [in] International Journal of Middle East Studies’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 26(2), pp. 201–222. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.164733&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Marilyn Booth (2003) ‘New Directions in Middle East Women’s and Gender History [in] Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History’, New Directions in Middle East Women’s and Gender History, 4(1). doi: 10.1353/cch.2003.0006.
Marsha Pripstein Posusney, author (2004) ‘Enduring Authoritarianism: Middle East Lessons for Comparative Theory [in] Comparative Politics’, Comparative Politics, 36(2), pp. 127–138. doi: 10.2307/4150139.
Martin, V. (2000) Creating an Islamic state: Khomeini and the making of a new Iran. London: I.B. Tauris. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9786000003210.
Martinez, L. (2000) The Algerian civil war. London: Hurst in association with the Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, Paris.
Massad, J. A. (2001) Colonial effects: the making of national identity in Jordan. New York: Columbia University Press.
Massad, J. A. (2007) Desiring Arabs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Massad, Joseph (2002) ‘Re-orienting desire: the gay international and the Arab world [in] Public Culture’, 14(2), pp. 361–385. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA334502&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Mather, Yassamine (2010) ‘Iran’s Political and Economic Crises [in] Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory’, Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory, 38(3), pp. 503–518. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=52174321&site=eds-live&scope=site.
McDowall, D. (2004) A modern history of the Kurds. 3rd rev. and updated ed. London: I. B. Tauris. Available at: https://shibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net/Shibboleth.sso/Login?entityID=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&target=https%3A%2F%2Fshibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net%2Fshib%3Fdest%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.vlebooks.com%252FSHIBBOLETH%253Fdest%253Dhttp%25253A%25252F%25252Fwww.vlebooks.com%25252Fvleweb%25252Fproduct%25252Fopenreader%25253Fid%25253DExeter%252526isbn%25253D9780857714824.
Meir, A. (1996) As nomadism ends : the Israeli bedouin of the Negev. Westview. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1158815?lang=eng.
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Middle East Research and Information Project (1988) ‘Middle East report.’ New York: Middle East Research & Information Project. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1600347.
Middle East Review of International Affairs (Online), 2009-2017 (no date). Available at: https://www.questia.com/library/p439882/middle-east-review-of-international-affairs-online/.
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‘Middle eastern studies’ (1964). London: Frank Cass. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1596335.
Migdal, J. S. and ProQuest (Firm) (2001) Through the lens of Israel: explorations in state and society. Albany: State University of New York Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=3407924.
Milani, M. M. (1988) The making of Iran’s Islamic  revolution: from monarchy to Islamic republic. Boulder: Westview.
Mills, C. W. (2000) The sociological imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780199761128.
Milton-Edwards, B. (2018) Contemporary politics in the Middle East. Fourth edition. Cambridge, England: Polity Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=5226124.
Mitchell, T. (1999) ‘Dreamland: The Neoliberalism of Your Desires [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report, (210). Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/3012500.
Mitchell, T. (no date) Rule of experts: Egypt, techno-politics, modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1ppnxp.
Moaddel, M. (1993) Class, politics and ideology in the Iranian revolution. New York: Columbia University Press.
Moghadam, V. M. (2013) Modernizing women: gender and social change in the Middle East. Third edition. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
Moghissi, H. (1994) Populism and feminism in Iran: women’s struggle in a male-defined revolutionary movement. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Moslem, M. (2002) Factional politics in post-Khomeini Iran. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Mufti, M. (1996) Sovereign creations: pan-Arabism and political order in Syria and Iraq. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Muslih, M. Y. and American Council of Learned Societies (1988) The origins of Palestinian nationalism. New York: Columbia University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.00924.
Mustapha K. Al-Sayyid (1993) ‘A Civil Society in Egypt? [in] Middle East Journal’, Middle East, 47(2), pp. 228–242. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.4328569&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Muʼassasat al-Dirāsāt al-Filasṭīnīyah and Jāmiʻat al-Kuwayt (1971) ‘Journal of Palestine studies: a quarterly on Palestinian affairs and the Arab-Israeli conflict.’ Washington: Institute for Palestine Studies and Kuwait University. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1599773.
Nasasra, Mansour (2012) ‘The ongoing judaisation of the Naqab and the struggle for recognising the indigenous rights of the Arab Bedouin people [in] Settler Colonial Studies’, 2(2), pp. 81–107. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA478605&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Nash, K. (2010) Contemporary political sociology: globalization, politics, and power. 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781444320770.
Natali, D. (2005) The Kurds and the state: evolving national identity in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
Niblock, T. (2001) ‘Pariah states’ & sanctions in the Middle East: Iraq, Libya, Sudan. Boulder, Co: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Niblock, T. (2005) ‘Civil Society in the Middle East [in] A companion to the history of the Middle East’, in A companion to the history of the Middle East. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=28589&entityid=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth.
Nicola Pratt (2007) ‘The Queen Boat Case in Egypt: Sexuality, National Security and State Sovereignty [in] Review of International Studies’, Review of International, 33(1), pp. 129–144. doi: 10.1017/S0260210507007346.
Norton, A. R. (1995) Civil society in the Middle East. Leiden: Brill.
Olson, R. W. (1982) The Baʻth and Syria, 1947 to 1982: the evolution of ideology, party, and state, from the French mandate to the era of Hafiz al-Asad. Princeton, N.J.: Kingston Press.
Omar S. Dahi (2011) ‘Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Revolts [in] Middle East Report.’, Middle East Report., (259), pp. 2–6.
Ortner, S. B. (1996) ‘Resistance and the Problem of Ethnographic Refusal [in] The historic turn in the human sciences’, in The historic turn in the human sciences. Ann Arbor, Mich: University of Michigan Press. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=b639c5be-dc14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Owen, R. (2004) State, power and politics in the making of the modern Middle East. 3rd ed. London: Routledge. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780203403259.
O’Donnell, G. A., Schmitter, P. C. and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Latin American Program (2013) Transitions from authoritarian rule: Tentative conclusions about uncertain democracies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Palestinian Refugee Research Network (no date). Available at: http://prrn.mcgill.ca/.
Pappé, I. (2006) A history of modern Palestine: one land, two peoples. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511992728.
Pappé, I. (no date) The forgotten Palestinians: a history of the Palestinians in Israel. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1nphsk.
Perthes, V. (1995a) The political economy of Syria under Asad. London: Tauris.
Perthes, V. (1995b) The political economy of Syria under Asad. London: Tauris.
Perthes, V. (no date) ‘Si Vis Stabilitatem, Para Bellum: State Building, National Security and War Preparation in Syria [in] War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East’, in War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pp1cw.
Pete W. Moore and Salloukh, B. F. (2007) ‘Struggles under Authoritarianism: Regimes, States, and Professional Associations in the Arab World [in] International Journal of Middle East Studies’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 39(1), pp. 53–76. doi: 10.1017/S002074380700253X.
Peteet, J. M. and American Council of Learned Societies (1991) Gender in crisis: women and the Palestinian resistance movement. New York: Columbia University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.04737.
Politics and International Relations - LibGuides at University of Exeter (no date). Available at: https://libguides.exeter.ac.uk/PoliticsHomePage.
Posusney, M. P. and Angrist, M. P. (2005) Authoritarianism in the Middle East: regimes and resistance. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
‘Power and Sexuality in the Middle East | Middle East Report’ (1998) Middle East Report, (206). doi: 10.2307/3012470.
Puar, Jasbir K. (2005) ‘Queer Times, Queer Assemblages [in] Social Text’, Social Text, 23(3-4), pp. 121–139. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsmzh&AN=2007400047&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Quintan Wiktorowicz (2000) ‘Civil Society as Social Control: State Power in Jordan [in] Comparative Politics’, Comparative, 33(1), pp. 43–61. doi: 10.2307/422423.
Ben Rafael, E. and Sharot, S. (1991) Ethnicity, religion, and class in Israeli society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9780511520600.
Rahman, Maha Abdel (2002) ‘The Politics of “unCivil” Society in Egypt [in] Review of African Political Economy’, Review of African Political Economy., 29(Issue 91), pp. 21–35. doi: 10.1080/03056240208704582.
Rahnema, A. and Nomani, F. (1990) The secular miracle: religion, politics and economic policy in Iran. London: Zed.
Rahnema, S. and Behdad, S. (1995) Iran after the revolution: crisis of an Islamic state. London: Tauris.
Rema Hammami, author (2000) ‘Palestinian NGOs Since Oslo: From NGO Politics to Social Movements? [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report., (214), pp. 16–48. doi: 10.2307/1520188.
Rene Lemarchand (1992) ‘Uncivil States and Civil Societies: How Illusion Became Reality [in] Journal of Modern African Studies’, The Journal of Modern African Studies, 30(2), pp. 177–191. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.161188&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Resources – Center for Security Studies | ETH Zurich (no date). Available at: http://www.css.ethz.ch/en/services.html.
Roberts, D. (1987) The Baʻth and the creation of modern Syria. London: Croom Helm.
Rogers Brubaker and Laitin, D. D. (1998) ‘Ethnic and Nationalist Violence [in] Annual Review of Sociology’, Annual Review of Sociology. Annual Reviews, 24, pp. 423–452. Available at: https://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/223488.
Ronen Shamir (1996) ‘Suspended in Space: Bedouins under the Law of Israel [in] Law and Society Review’, Law and Society Review, 30(2), pp. 231–257. doi: 10.2307/3053959.
Rouhana, Nadim and Ghanem, A. (no date) ‘The crisis of minorities in ethnic states: the case of Palestinian citizens in Israel [in] International Journal of Middle East Studies’, 30(3), pp. 321–346. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA220565&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Roy, O. (1994) The failure of political Islam. London: Tauris.
Roy, O. (2007) Secularism confronts Islam. New York: Columbia University Press.
Said, E. W. (2003a) ‘Introduction [in] Orientalism’, in Orientalism. London: Penguin, pp. 1–28. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=9a455f1b-5b04-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Said, E. W. (2003b) Orientalism. London: Penguin.
Salwa Ismail (1995) ‘STATE-SOCIETY RELATIONS IN EGYPT: RESTRUCTURING THE POLITICAL [in] Arab Studies Quarterly’, Arab Studies, 17(3), pp. 37–52. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.41858128&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Samer S. Shehata (1992) ‘The Politics of Laughter: Nasser, Sadat, and Mubarek in Egyptian Political Jokes [in] Folklore’, 103(1), pp. 75–91. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.1261035&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Sami Zubaida (1992) ‘Islam, the State and Democracy: Contrasting Conceptions of Society in Egypt [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report., (179), pp. 2–10. doi: 10.2307/3013207.
Sayigh, Y. (2000) ‘Globalization Manqué, Regional Fragmentation and Authoritarian-Liberalism in the Middle East [in] The Third World beyond the Cold War: continuity and change’, in The Third World beyond the Cold War: continuity and change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1093/0198295510.001.0001.
Sayigh, Y. (no date) ‘War as Leveller, War as Midwife: Palestinian Political Institutions, Nationalism, and Society Since 1948 [in] War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East’, in War, institutions, and social change in the Middle East. Berkeley: University of California Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1pp1cw.
Sa’di, Ahmad H. (no date) ‘Minority resistance to state control: towards a re-analysis of Palestinian political activity in Israel [in] Social Identities’, 2(3), pp. 395–412. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ich&AN=ICHA302656&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Schatz, E. and ebrary, Inc (2009) Political ethnography: what immersion contributes to the study of power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=3038320.
Schlumberger, O. (ed.) (2007) Debating Arab authoritarianism: dynamics and durability in nondemocratic regimes. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=5419438.
Schulz, H. L. (1999) The reconstruction of Palestinian nationalism: between revolution and statehood. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Schwedler, J. (1995) Toward civil society in the Middle East?: a primer. Boulder, CO: L. Rienner.
Scott, J. C. (1985) Weapons of the weak: everyday forms of peasant resistance. New Haven: Yale University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1nq836.
Scott, J. C. (1998) Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed. New Haven: Yale University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1nq3vk.
Scott, J. C. (no date) Domination and the arts of resistance: hidden transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1np6zz.
Seale, P. and McConville, M. (1990) Asad of Syria: the struggle for the Middle East. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press.
Selim H. Shahine (2011) ‘Youth and the revolution in Egypt [in] Anthropology Today’, Anthropology Today. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 27(2). Available at: https://0-www-jstor-org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/27975427.
Shafir, G. and Peled, Y. (2002) Being Israeli: the dynamics of multiple citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1017/CBO9781139164641.
Shakry, O. S. El (2007) The great social laboratory: subjects of knowledge in colonial and postcolonial Egypt. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/exeter/detail.action?docID=735412.
Shami, S. (1997) ‘Domesticity Reconfigured: Women in Squatter Areas of Amman [in] Organizing women: formal and informal women’s groups in the Middle East’, in Organizing women: formal and informal women’s groups in the Middle East. Oxford: Berg. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=22a08738-de14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Shareef, M. (2014) The United States, Iraq and the Kurds: shock, awe and aftermath. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781315867014.
Sharoni, S. and American Council of Learned Societies (1995) Gender and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the politics of women’s resistance. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. Available at: http://0-hdl.handle.net.lib.exeter.ac.uk/2027/heb.04749.
Shehata, S. (2006) ‘Ethnography, Identity and the Production of Knowledge [in] Interpretation and method: empirical research methods and the interpretive turn’, in Interpretation and method: empirical research methods and the interpretive turn. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=https://elibrary.exeter.ac.uk/idp/shibboleth&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780765621573.
Sheila Carapico (2000) ‘NGOs, INGOs, GO-NGOs and DO-NGOs: Making Sense of Non-Governmental Organizations [in] Middle East Report’, Middle East Report., 30(214), pp. 12–15. doi: 10.2307/1520187.
Singerman, D. (1995) Avenues of participation: family, politics, and networks in urban quarters of Cairo. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.aspresolver.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/aspresolver.asp?ANTH;1671264.
Smith, A. D. (1986) The ethnic origins of nations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Smith, A. D. (1998) Nationalism and modernism: a critical survey of recent theories of nations and nationalism. London: Routledge. Available at: https://shibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net/Shibboleth.sso/Login?entityID=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&target=https%3A%2F%2Fshibboleth2sp.gar.semcs.net%2Fshib%3Fdest%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.vlebooks.com%252FSHIBBOLETH%253Fdest%253Dhttp%25253A%25252F%25252Fwww.vlebooks.com%25252Fvleweb%25252Fproduct%25252Fopenreader%25253Fid%25253DExeter%252526isbn%25253D9780203167960.
Smith, A. D. (2010) Nationalism: theory, ideology, history. 2nd ed. Cambridge, UK: Polity. Available at: http://exeter.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1184135.
Smith, B. C. (2003) Understanding Third World politics: theories of political change and development. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stendel, O. (1996) The Arabs in Israel. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.
Stewart, A. (2001) Theories of power and domination: the politics of empowerment in late modernity. London: SAGE. Available at: http://0-sk.sagepub.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/books/theories-of-power-and-domination.
Sullivan, D. J. and Abed-Kotob, S. (1999) Islam in contemporary Egypt: civil society vs the state. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner.
Sullivan, Z. (no date) ‘Eluding the Feminist, Overthrowing the Modern? Transformations in Twentieth-Century Iran [in] Remaking women: feminism and modernity in the Middle East’, in Abu-Lughod, L. (ed.) Remaking women: feminism and modernity in the Middle East. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt7sck7.
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Tetreault, M. A. and Mughni, H. al- (2000) ‘From Subjects to Citizens: Women and the Nation in Kuwait [in] Women, states, and nationalism: at home in the nation?’, in Women, states, and nationalism: at home in the nation? London [etc.]: Routledge, pp. 143–164. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=c97adf55-9d19-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
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The old social classes and the revolutionary movements of Iraq (2017). York: Routledge. Available at: http://encore.exeter.ac.uk/iii/encore/record/C__Rb3876210.
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Tibi, B. (1997b) Arab nationalism: between Islam and the nation-state. 3rd rev. ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Available at: https://fsso.springer.com/federation/init?entityId=https%3A%2F%2Felibrary.exeter.ac.uk%2Fidp%2Fshibboleth&returnUrl=https://link.springer.com/book/10.1057/9780230376540.
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Vali, A. (2003) Essays on the origins of Kurdish nationalism. Costa Mesa, Calif: Mazda Publishers.
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Yildiz, K. and Kurdish Human Rights Project (2005) The Kurds in Turkey: EU accession and human rights. London: Pluto Press in association with Kurdish Human Rights Project. Available at: http://0-www.jstor.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/stable/10.2307/j.ctt18fsb2v.
Yonah, Yossi, Abu-Saad, I. and Kaplan, A. (2004) ‘De-Arabization of the Bedouin: A Study of an Inevitable Failure’, Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education, 35(4), pp. 387–406. Available at: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ774710&site=eds-live&scope=site.
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Yuval-Davis, N. (1997) Gender & nation. London: SAGE. Available at: http://0-sk.sagepub.com.lib.exeter.ac.uk/books/gender-and-nation.
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Zubaida, S. (1997) Is Iran an Islamic State? [in] Political Islam: essays from Middle East Report, Political Islam: essays from Middle East Report. London: I. B. Tauris. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=9053d56c-9615-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Zubaida, S. (2001a) ‘Class and Community in Urban Politics [in] Islam, the people and the state: political ideas and movements in the Middle East’, in Islam, the people and the state: political ideas and movements in the Middle East. London: Tauris. Available at: https://contentstore.cla.co.uk/secure/link?id=c6edbe94-df14-e911-80cd-005056af4099.
Zubaida, S. (2001b) Islam, the people and the state: political ideas and movements in the Middle East. London: Tauris.
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ʻAbd al-Jabbār, F. and Dawod, H. (2006) The Kurds: nationalism and politics. London: Saqi.
Ṣāyigh, Y. and Institute for Palestine Studies (Washington, D.C.) (1997) Armed struggle and the search for state: the Palestinian national movement, 1949-1993. Oxford: Clarendon. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.lib.exeter.ac.uk/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.001.0001.